islamic republic iran

October 12th, 2020 by

Its constitution was approved in 1979 and amended in 1989. Juli 2013). Die Urheberrechte an der Übersetzung halte laut dem Dokument die Association for Iranian Studies (vormals International Society for Iranian Studies), eine akademische Gesellschaft, die wissenschaftliche Arbeiten und Recherchen zum Iran fördert und unterstützt: A pro-Western, pro-Americanforeign policy was exchanged for one of "neither east …

Disabled war veterans have demonstrated against mismanagement of the Foundation of the Disinherited. As I have reported elsewhere, Iranians are developing a more positive attitude towards Israel, and especially towards Prime Minister Netanyahu. Marie Ladies-Fouladi, cited in Azadeh Kian-Thiebaut, Femmes iraniennes entre Islam, Etat, famille, Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 2000, pp.128, 149. In South Asia, Iran has been developing an Afghan version of Hezbollah, called the Fatemiyoun Brigade. According to Shirin Ebadi, "But if you ask most Iranians what keeneh, what grievance, they nurture most bitterly against the Islamic Republic, it is the tearing apart of their families ... had the revolutionaries tempered their wild radicalism, had they not replaced the Shah with a regime that prompted mass flight, their families would still be whole.

Buch II enthalte Bestimmungen zu Verbrechen wie außerehelichem Geschlechtsverkehr, Sodomie, homosexuellen Handlungen, Beleidigung des Propheten, sowie Konsum von Rauschmitteln.

[101] Although neither borders nor regimes were changed[102] the war helped to `awaken the people and to fight the problems that threaten the revolution,` according to future president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. Heavily armed, richly funded, and now battle-hardened, Hezbollah’s grip on Lebanese politics tightened through bribery and armed intimidation. The patriotic monarchy was replaced by an Islamic republic based on the principle of rule by Islamic jurists, (or "Velayat-e faqih"), where clerics serve as head of state and in many powerful governmental roles. After, in August 2005, Iran resumed converting raw uranium into gas, a necessary step for enrichment, the IAEA passed a resolution that accused Iran of failing to comply with the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and called for the agency to report Iran to the UN Security Council. Auf einer vom iranischen Staat betriebenen Online-Plattform für Rechtstexte zum Iran finden sich iranische Gesetze und Verordnungen in persischer Sprache: Das Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC), eine in den USA ansässige Nichtregierungsorganisation, die zu Menschenrechtsthemen im Iran arbeitet, präsentiert inoffizielle englische Übersetzungen einiger iranischer Gesetze: Auf der vom UNO-Flüchtlingshochkommissariat (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR) betriebenen Datenbank Refworld können mittels Suchanfrage englischsprachige Übersetzungen von einigen Gesetzestexten abgerufen werden: Auf der Webseite der World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), einem Forum der Vereinten Nationen, das sich für effektiven und ausgewogenen Schutz geistigen Eigentums einsetzt, können inoffizielle englische Übersetzungen einiger Gesetze heruntergeladen werden: Einige iranische Gesetzestexte finden sich auf Natlex, einem Portal der International Labour Organization: Um zur Sammlung nationaler Gesetze für Iran auf zu gelangen, folgen Sie bitte diesem Link.

Just months after his second inauguration and before the re-imposition of US sanctions, however, hyperinflation and depression plunged the country back into economic crisis, and sparked unprecedented anti-regime protests. Buch I des neuen Strafgesetzes beinhalte einleitende Bestimmungen und Definitionen. Also, war doesn’t just eliminate the government, but infrastructure, which has to replaced, and citizens’ lives, which can’t be replaced.

In July 1999 conservatives closed the reformist newspaper, Salam, and attacked a Tehran University student dormitory after students protested the closing. [112] The amendments were drafted and approved by the public about one month after Khomeini's death (1989 July 9). [27][28], Bribery in Iran was increasingly becoming the biggest part of business deals—and a lot of other transactions too. [188], According to the (U.S.) International Peace Institute's 2010-poll conducted in Persian by a representative sample of the Iranian people:[189], Hassan Rouhani was elected as President of Iran on 12 June 2013 and took office on 3 August. [50], After the Iranian revolution, Iranian women have continued to occupy high positions in the political system.

Juli 2013, IHRDC – Iran Human Rights Documentation Center: English Translation of Books I & II of the New Islamic Penal Code, 4. The 300,000 members of the Baháʼí Faith, are actively harassed. "According to World Bank figures, which take 1974 as 100, per capita GDP went from a high of 115 in 1976 to a low of 60 in 1988, the year war with Iraq ended ..." (Keddie. [155][156], Iran's stated policy on Israel is to urge a one-state solution through a countrywide referendum in which a government would be elected that all Palestinians and all Israelis would jointly vote for; which would normally be an end to the "Zionist state". One of the most dramatic changes in government in Iran's history was seen with the 1979 Iranian Revolution where Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown and replaced by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

"[19], In the field of health, maternal and infant mortality rates have been cut significantly. [16] The movement has established over 2,000 community learning centers across the country, employed some 55,000 instructors, distributed 300 easy-to-read books and manuals, and provided literacy classes to a million people, men as well as women. "[119] (He served from August 17, 1989, to August 1997.) an expression of happiness at the 2008 global economic crisis which would "put an end to liberal economy". The Iraqi democracy, for which the United States and its allies had sacrificed so much, continued to erode until anti-Iran protests erupted last year. It also criticized Ahmadinejad's foreign policy calling it "tension-creating" and saying it has "scared off foreign investment and inflicted heavy damage" on the economy. While Leader Khamenei and the Council of Guardians generally supported these policies, in the parliament radical deputies initially had control, outnumbered Rafsanjani's "pragmatic-conservative camp" 90 to 160.

However, the IAEA also called for Iran to abandon its plans to produce enriched uranium. Let’s meddle in Iran again! Laut den Metadaten befindet sich die Übersetzung jedoch nicht auf dem Stand von Juli 2006, die letzte in der Übersetzung berücksichtigte Novellierung habe im Dezember 1985 stattgefunden: Auf einer Webseite des Iran Data Portal, einem von den Universitäten Princeton und Syrakus finanzierten Online-Portal für sozioökonomische und politische Daten, finden sich unter der Überschrift „Staatsbürgerschaftsgesetz“ englischsprachige Auszüge aus dem iranischen Zivilrecht (Buch II und Buch VII/Kapitel 3), die für das Thema Staatsbürgerschaft relevant sind. [49], Population growth was encouraged for the first nine years of the revolution, but in 1988 youth unemployment concerns prompted the government to do "an amazing U-turn" and Iran now has "one of the world's most effective" family planning programs. In early March 1979, he announced, "do not use this term, ‘democratic.’ That is the Western style."[89]. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. 48889, novellierte Version in Kraft getreten am 12.

These were followed by a wave of counter-demonstrations by conservative factions. Moderates, such as provisional Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan and the republic’s first president, Abolhasan Bani-Sadr, who opposed holding the hostages, were steadily forced from power by conservatives within the government who questioned their revolutionary zeal.

Sanctions blocked all property within US jurisdiction owned by the Central Bank and Government of Iran. The legislators assure the people that they will endorse this Jihad of the judiciary alongside the Leader and people.”[171][172], In June 2006, 50 Iranian economists wrote a letter to Ahmadinejad that criticized his price interventions to stabilize prices of goods, cement, government services, and his decree issued by the High Labor Council and the Ministry of Labor that proposed an increase of workers' salaries by 40 percent. It was a truly beautiful and peaceful country. Khomeini remarked that agreeing to peace with Iraq was "like drinking poison", but there was no other choice. [9], Despite stagnation in the economy, Iran's Human Development Index rating (including life expectancy, literacy, education, and standard of living) improved significantly in the years after the revolution, climbing from 0.569 in 1980 to 0.759 in 2007/8. The timetable for the reporting, however, was left undetermined. In all of the Iran age have been a peaceable government in world. The family protection act, which provided further guarantees and rights to women in marriage, was declared void, and mosque-based revolutionary bands known as komītehs (Persian: “committees”) patrolled the streets enforcing Islamic codes of dress and behaviour and dispatching impromptu justice to perceived enemies of the revolution. In line with its Belt and Road plans, China has been discussing plans for a 25-year relationship and may well be given a share of the state's oil industry. [51], Gharbzadegi ("westoxification") or western cultural influence stubbornly remains, entering via (illegal) music recordings, videos, and satellite dishes,[52] despite government efforts.

By the mid-2010s, there was almost nothing left of the Lebanese democratic experiment, as corruption led to a precipitous decline in standards of living. [92] Two months later on August 30, another bomb was detonated killing President Rajai and Premier Mohammad Javad Bahonar.

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