Twenty four counties still delimit the remit of local government divisions in the Republic of Ireland (in some cases with slightly redrawn boundaries). Cambro-Norman control was initially limited to the southeastern parts of Ireland; a further four centuries elapsed before the entire island was shired.  John Speed's Description of the Kingdom of Ireland in 1610 showed that there was still a vagueness over what counties constituted the provinces, however Meath was no longer reckoned a province. , During the reigns of the last two Tudor monarchs, Mary I (1553–58) and Elizabeth I (1568–1603), the majority of the work for the foundation of the modern counties was carried out under the auspices of three Lord Deputies: Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Sir Henry Sydney, and Sir John Perrot. Originally, VECs were formed for each administrative county and county borough, and also in a number of larger towns. As of 2014, the six counties of Northern Ireland still have limited political status with car license plates being assigned identifiers according to their county of registration. There may have been as many as 20 genuine ruiri in Ireland at any time. túatha). This system usually results in more populated counties having several constituencies: Dublin, including Dublin city, is subdivided into twelve constituencies, Cork into five. Its territory was divided into three administrative counties: Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal, and South Dublin.  In informal use, the word county is often dropped except where necessary to distinguish between county and town or city; thus "Offaly" rather than "County Offaly", but "County Antrim" to distinguish it from Antrim town. However, with the outbreak of war in Munster and then Ulster, they resumed their independence. In the Norman period, the historic fifths of Leinster and Meath gradually merged, mainly due to the impact of the Pale, which straddled both, thereby forming the present-day province of Leinster. County Tipperary was divided into two regions: North Riding and South Riding. The former "King's County" and "Queen's County" were exceptions; these are now County Offaly and County Laois, respectively. The administrative division of the island along the lines of the traditional 32 counties was also adopted by non-governmental and cultural organisations. Management of counties came to be exercised by grand juries. , Perrot's divisions in Ulster were for the main confirmed by a series of inquisitions between 1606 and 1610 that settled the demarcation of the counties of Connaught and Ulster.
This Act established a county council for each of the thirty-three Irish administrative counties.  Other grants include the liberties of Connaught and Tipperary. Home of Bushmills Whiskey which is made in the town of Bushmills 2. 5 Helpful Resources for Small Business Owners, Home of Bushmills Whiskey which is made in the town of Bushmills, The Linen Industry started in this county, in the town of Lisburn, The Titanic was made in Harland & Wolff Shipyard in Belfast, The County is home to many movie sets and Game of Thrones has filmed in various locations.
The six traditional counties remain in use for some purposes, including the three-letter coding of vehicle number plates, the Royal Mail Postcode Address File (which records counties in all addresses although they are no longer required for postcoded mail) and Lord Lieutenancies (for which the former county boroughs are also used).
There are no longer official 'county towns'.  This county was one of the last to be created, yet was the closest to the center of English power in Ireland..
In the Republic of Ireland the traditional counties are, in general, the basis for local government, planning and community development purposes, are governed by county councils and are still generally respected for other purposes. Bloody Sunday drew worldwide attention in 1972. These councils have boundaries which may cross existing county borders.  About 150 such units of government existed. So what about the counties themselves: What are they about? Each rí túaithe was in turn subject to a regional or "over-king" (Irish: ruiri). In the Republic of Ireland, some counties have been split resulting in the creation of new counties. The synonym shire is not used for Irish counties, although the Marquessate of Downshire was named in 1789 after County Down.  These counties were: in Leinster: Carlow (also known as Catherlogh), Dublin, Kildare, Kilkenny, Louth (also known as Uriel), Meath, Wexford, Waterford; in Munster: Cork, Limerick, Kerry and Tipperary.
This resulted in the land area of County Louth increasing slightly at the expense of County Meath. County Londonderry is also known as County Derry and covers an area of 2,074km. , Of Henry II's grants, at least three of them—Leinster to Richard de Clare; Meath to Walter de Lacy; Ulster to John de Courcy—were equivalent to palatine counties in their bestowing of royal jurisdiction to the grantees. , It was not until the Tudors, specifically the reign of Henry VIII (1509–47), that crown control started to once again extend throughout Ireland.
Currently, there are 26 county level, 3 city level and 2 city and county entities – the modern equivalent of counties corporate – that are used to demarcate areas of local government in the Republic.  There were two other long recognised entities north of Louth—Antrim and Down—that had at one time been "counties" of the Earldom of Ulster and were regarded as apart from the unreformed parts of the province.  The territory of the O'Farrells of Annaly, however, which was in Westmeath, in 1583 was formed into the county of Longford and transferred to Connaught. At that time Ireland was divided into a patchwork of petty kingdoms with a fluid political hierarchy which, in general, had three traditional grades of king. The city councils of Limerick and Waterford were merged with their respective county councils by the Local Government Reform Act 2014, to form new city and county councils. These six counties are those that chose to become separate, independent entities after opting out of the Irish Free State in 1922. County Tyrone covers an area of 3,155km and it has one large town, Omagh, three medium towns, ond small town, one immediate settlement, eight villages and 40 hamlets.
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